How to Dose Magic Mushrooms

Ever wondered how to optimize your magic mushroom dosing? Find your perfect dose for a transformative experience with our expert guidance.
Magic Mushroom Dosing. Image is of a young-ish, light-skinned, female presenting person (from the neck up only) with long, straight dark hair and brown eyes. They are looking up and to the left (from their perspective) as if they are contemplating something. The top section of their head (above their eyebrows) has a white glowover it, and there are illustrations of mushrooms done with thin outlines, appearing as if they are either growing from their head, or something that they are thinking about. The background is textured with different shades of turquoisey blue.
Author: Guy Borgford
By Guy Borgford
October 23, 2023(Updated: March 18, 2024)

This article is part of our series, “Unlocking the Magic: A Comprehensive Guide to Safe and Responsible Psilocybin Exploration.” Find the full collection here.

Whenever considering using psychedelics and plant medicines, it’s extremely important to follow the mantra of ‘safety first’. As you embark on your entheogenic adventure, understanding dosage is a key component of harm reduction. In this article, we’ll review how to best approach magic mushroom dosing across use cases (assuming you can legally access psilocybin mushrooms). 

If you’re new to magic mushrooms, it’s vital to note that different species of psilocybin-containing magic mushrooms vary in strength and effects. And there are many different ways you can dose mushrooms to produce a variety of different experiences. From non-perceptual microdoses to an ego-smashing ‘heroic dose’, there are various paths to working with the mushroom consciousness. Of course, the path you choose depends on your intention and what you’re looking to achieve. 

Read about the magic of Setting Intentions for Psychedelic Journeys.

Although there are common dosage frameworks across psilocybin mushroom species, and potency varies, there are additional factors at play. The freshness of the fungi, your current set or mental state, and your body’s preparedness for the fungi all factor into your magic mushroom dosing considerations. 

The intensity of your psilocybin mushroom experience relies on the following factors:

  • Type of mushroom
  • Dosage amount
  • How long ago the mushrooms were harvested
  • Mushroom preparation
  • Mushroom storage
  • Individual differences (e.g., metabolism, serotonin receptor numbers, psychedelic experience)
  • Medications (current or recent discontinuation), drugs or alcohol
  • Your state of mind
  • Type and amount of food as well as when you last ate

The Right Tools

Unless you’re buying pre-made, pre-measured psilocybin-containing products, such as magic mushroom chocolate bars, or capsules, you’ll need to get yourself a micro digital scale. This will help you accurately weigh your dose. Consider your dose seriously, whether you’re microdosing or macrodosing. And always ensure you’re ingesting the right amount of mushrooms to help generate the desired effect.

Keep in mind that the weight of the dose will depend on whether the mushrooms are wet or dried. Wet mushrooms have more water weight than dried mushrooms. 

A bar graph showing the different categories of dried magic mushroom doses in grams. The x-axis is labeled as "GRAMS" and ranges from "0.0" to "8.0" with intervals of 2.0 along it. The y-axis is labeled as "DOSE". Along the y-axis, the items are: "100 to 250 milligrams" (indicated as "Microdose" on the legend in Bright Orange), "0.5 to 1.0 grams" (indicated as "Low Dose" on the legend in Lavender), "2.0 to 3.0 grams" (indicated as "Medium Dose" on the legend in Lilac), "3.0 to 5.0 grams" (indicated as "High Dose" on the legend in Fuschia), and "Greater than 5.0 grams" (indicated as "Very High Dose" on the legend in Bright Red Pink). The background is dark purple, and there is a small graphic of two mushrooms in the same colors as the bar graph items in the bottom left corner next to the heading "Dried Magic Mushroom Guide".

Let’s Start Small – Microdose

Microdosing involves consuming small, non-perceptual amounts of psilocybin-containing mushrooms. This means that you don’t feel or perceive any of the mind-altering effects of the mushroom. You may feel subtle effects like a boost in mood or energy. These dosing protocols typically contain 100 mg to 250 mg of dried magic mushrooms (5-10% of a standard dose) consumed across dosing days and days off. There are six microdosing protocols that are most common. Of these, the Stamets Protocol (5 days in a row microdosing, then 2 days off, repeat) and the Fadiman Protocol (1 day microdosing, then 2 days off, repeat) are the most prolific. Remember: if you feel any psychedelic effects, it’s not a microdose, and you should dial back your dosage.  

Find out How to Store Magic Mushrooms and Psilocybin Products.

Mushrooms for Mingling

Much of the media attention that has shined on our magical fungi friends is focused on the therapeutic benefits of psilocybin. Mushrooms are being used to help those suffering from mental health challenges such as depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders. However, it’s important to note that research from self-reports shows microdoses and small perceptual doses can be helpful in easing social anxiety, enabling deep, relaxed states, and helping people focus [1]. 

Exploring Social Dosing and Low Doses

Not much is said about what I like to call ‘social dosing’ with magic mushrooms. Current trends indicate a major movement away from alcohol. More people are exploring alternatives to that bottle of wine on a Friday night. Instead, they are looking to plant medicine or mocktails as an alternative to helping them decompress, socialize, and celebrate.

If you have limited or no experience with psilocybin or plant medicines in general, it’s wise to follow the golden rule of “start low, go slow.” Using psychedelics intentionally and productively is about forming a relationship with the molecule or consciousness of the plant or fungi. The sound practice of warming up to the experience out of the gate enables you to get used to the non-ordinary state of consciousness. It allows you to breathe into the novelty and strangeness of the experience.

Delve into The Wonderful and Diverse World of Psilocybin Mushroom Strains.

So, what does this social or low dose look like? For your run-of-the-mill cubensis strain, like Golden Teacher or Penis Envy, 0.5 grams to 1.0 grams of dried mushrooms is a good start. This will have you feeling the mushiness of the mushroom. A medium dose of 2.0 to 3.0 grams is known as a ‘museum dose’ where you will most likely feel psychedelic effects but still be able to walk around and maintain a sense of who you are. But as already mentioned, other factors will play into how strong or intense the experience feels. Start your exploration of this use case slowly, and do it on familiar ground around people with whom you’re comfortable. Or try it on your own to feel it out on a practice run before embarking out into the world and partaking in psilocybin with others in social situations. 

Dosing for Lift Off

Dried mushrooms taken at doses between 2.5 grams to 5 grams will induce classic psychedelic experiences with kaleidoscope visuals when eyes are closed or open, sensory and perceptual changes, synesthesia (like hearing colors or tasting sounds), cognitive changes, and ego dissolution. A ‘heroic dose’, as coined by Terrence McKenna, describes doses over 5 grams or roughly 50 mg of psilocybin. As the name implies, this huge dose may cause a complete loss of the sense of self (known as “ego dissolution” or “ego death”) and the ability to think or make decisions. This level of cognitive impairment should not be taken lightly; careful preparation and supervision are necessary for safety.

Whatever the dose of mushrooms, know that every individual is unique, and each psychedelic experience is different. The dose is only one factor in how strong the effects will feel.

Find out How to Take Shrooms Safely here.

Get the Specs of the Species

Wherever you’re getting mushrooms from, make sure it’s a trusted source and know what species you’re getting. As previously mentioned, magic mushroom potency does vary by species. Some mushroom varieties, like the Enigma strain, are known to be 1.5x to 2x stronger than other cubenses strains.

Mushrooms can be contaminated with molds or bacteria. If consumed, they may cause nausea or vomiting. The similarity between certain types of mushrooms can lead to mix-ups, which could prove fatal.

Magic Mushroom Dosing. Image is of a microgram scale with some psilocybin mushrooms resting on it. Everything is blue-green-turquoise with a white glow from behind the scale, and with sparkes and orbs of light over the image.

Synthetic Psilocybin in Research

For research studies, a synthetic or extracted version of psilocybin is typically used. The psilocybin molecule is produced in a laboratory, meaning no mushrooms are needed. Extraction methods isolate psilocybin from mushrooms. Pure psilocybin in capsules allows researchers to administer a precise and consistent dose to all clinical trial participants. Since they are not using dried mushrooms, the dosage is given as milligrams of synthetic psilocybin. Some studies even take into account a person’s body weight and give doses as mg of psilocybin/kg of body weight or as mg of psilocybin/70kg (the average human weight), but at least one study did not find differences in how people felt when doses were adjusted for body weight [2].

Here are example doses given in research studies. Most people will notice some small perceptual shifts after taking 2-4 mg of psilocybin. Psychoactive effects are experienced after ingesting 8-20 mg, with the majority of people reporting mystical experiences at a dose of 20 mg or higher [4].

  • 10 mg psilocybin – low dose
  • 20-30 mg psilocybin – medium or standard dose
  • 30-40 mg psilocybin – high dose
  • >40 mg psilocybin – very high dose

Synthetic or Extracted Psilocybin vs Mushroom Dosage

You may be wondering how extracted or synthetic psilocybin doses compare to dried mushrooms.

As a comparison for dosage [3], there is typically 1% psilocybin per 1 gram of dried Psilocybe cubensis mushrooms. For example, 3.5 grams (equivalent to an eighth ounce) of dried Psilocybe cubensis is likely to contain 35 mg of psilocybin (high dose), and 2.0 grams of dried mushrooms contain 20 mg of psilocybin (standard dose). Keep in mind that psilocybin levels in dried mushrooms can vary quite a bit between species, ranging from 0.1% to 2% of dry weight. Mushroom caps usually have higher psilocybin levels than mushroom stems.

Set and Setting

Although not dose-specific, your environment and state of mind play a big role in the effects of psychedelic fungi. Choosing a comfortable, familiar, and safe setting can have a significantly positive impact on your experience. 

Avoid using magic mushrooms if you are in a negative or stressful mindset. Stay away from media such as violent video games, news, pornography, and even social media for a day or more before consuming magic mushrooms. 

Whatever your dose, set your intentions and thank the Universe for the gifts in your life and all the experiences that have led you to this very moment.

Body Weight & Metabolism

Generally speaking, it’s believed that people with higher body weight may require a slightly higher dosage to achieve the desired effects. However, there isn’t a ton of evidence to support this. Weight should not be the sole factor in determining your dose. 

More importantly, personal metabolism and susceptibility to mind-altering substances play a larger role in determining dose. If you feel loopy after one alcoholic beverage or a puff of cannabis, you should dose on the light side. Remember to start low and go slow.


Repeated psilocybin use over periods of time does build tolerance. This means that over time, you may need a slightly higher dose to achieve the same effects. 

Tolerance to psilocybin builds rather rapidly and diminishes quickly after use. When consuming magic mushrooms, it’s a common practice to assess your experience at the 60 to 90-minute mark (note the time when you take a dose). You can then determine if you’d like to consume a bit more of the fungus to produce more noticeable effects. 

After this additional dose window of 60-90 minutes, your tolerance will build to any additional psilocybin introduced into your system.

Follow Best Practices

Stay hydrated and avoid alcoholic beverages and other substances or medications that may interact negatively with psilocybin

If you’re not experienced with psychedelics, it’s highly advisable to have a sober and trusted friend with you. A “trip sitter” such as this can help ensure your safety and comfort. In Oregon Certified Psilocybin Centers, you can experience psilocybin with a trained and licensed guide. The psilocybin mushrooms administered in Oregon are tested for potency and contamination.

If you’re working on ways to improve your human experience and need help, a trusted therapist and licensed practitioner who has experience working with psilocybin integration can be incredibly productive and rewarding. You can find a therapist near you in Psychedelic Support’s Network of trusted licensed practitioners, well versed in helping people work with psilocybin. Community groups are another great option for integration support.

Harm Reduction

Take some time to educate yourself about harm reduction practices. Never combine magic mushrooms with other substances without proper knowledge of potential interactions (read this article about psilocybin and SSRIs). Psychedelic Support’s free Harm Reduction course is a great place to start. It’s a wise way to begin to experience the many benefits of magic mushrooms while keeping safety top of mind. 

Sign up for our FREE Harm Reduction Course.

Our reactions to magic mushrooms can vary greatly from person to person. These are even more complex with the many different strains and other variables that determine effects. It’s crucial to prioritize safety, starting with a low dose. If desired, increasing your dose can happen once the effects from the original dose become known. Keeping mental notes or even a journal of what works and what doesn’t work for you is a part of the process of learning to work with these fantastic fungi. It’s a way of enjoying the benefits of magic mushrooms in meaningful, beautiful ways for many years to come. 


  1. Rootman, J. M., Kryskow, P., Harvey, K., Stamets, P., Santos-Brault, E., Kuypers, K. P., … & Walsh, Z. (2021). Adults who microdose psychedelics report health-related motivations and lower levels of anxiety and depression compared to non-microdosers. Scientific reports11(1), 22479.
  2. Garcia-Romeu A, Barrett FS, Carbonaro TM, Johnson MW, Griffiths RR. (2021). Optimal dosing for psilocybin pharmacotherapy: Considering weight-adjusted and fixed dosing approaches. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 35(4):353-361. doi:10.1177/0269881121991822
  3. MacCallum, C. A., Lo, L. A., Pistawka, C. A., & Deol, J. K. (2022). Therapeutic use of psilocybin: Practical considerations for dosing and administration. Frontiers in Psychiatry13, 1040217.
  4. Nicholas, C. R., Henriquez, K. M., Gassman, M. C., Cooper, K. M., Muller, D., Hetzel, S., … & Hutson, P. R. (2018). High dose psilocybin is associated with positive subjective effects in healthy volunteers. Journal of psychopharmacology32(7), 770-778.

Follow your Curiosity

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The content provided is for educational and informational purposes only and should be a substitute for medical or other professional advice. Articles are based on personal opinions, research, and experiences of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Psychedelic Support.

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Author: Guy Borgford
Guy Borgford
Starting with a meditation practice a few years ago, Guy quickly began intentional work with plant and fungi medicine shortly thereafter, resulting in both profound healing and personal and spiritual development. Along with a variety of consulting positions at various organizations in the psychedelic space, Guy is also an artist and avid student of learning about our natural world with a keen interest in regenerative systems design. He runs a meditation retreat from his home in the North Cascade Mountains and counts the McKenna Academy of Natural Philosophy and working with the legendary and beloved Dennis McKenna among his volunteer experiences. Learn more and connect with Guy on his Linkedin Profile.

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